Art, Cultural Heritage

Arts and Crafts in Islam

As you probably know, Islam, following the rules contained in Quran, forbids depicting people and animals. This is why buildings are decorated with floral and calligraphic ornaments called arabesques. Arabesques are not only floral ornaments but also various geometrical elements. The variety of geometrical patterns in Islam’s art is truly impressive. Looking at the roofs of mosques and palaces, I often wondered how those patterns were created. Now, that we are talking about Islam, I would like to show you a cool TED-Ed lecture which explains how geometry (something Arabs were really talented at) influenced art. Creating mosaics is called tessellation.

I encourage those of you who are interested in the topic to watch the video.

Inspired by the lecture and “Sky and Water I”, one of the most famous works by Maurits Escher, I advise you and your children create your own work – not a geometrical pattern, but still a mosaic.

sztuka dekoracyjna


  • White sheet of paper
  • Thick square-shaped sheet of paper
  • Pencil
  • Scissors
  • Ink
  • Brush
  • Black and white oil pastels

Instructions on how to draw the painting are straightforward – find out yourselves, watching our short video.